Miltonia and Miltoniopsis

Often called the Pansy Orchid, these plants have large, brightly or softly colored, flat blossoms over slender stems and light green foliage. Pseudobulbs are small and smooth.

TEMPERATURE: Miltonias are "cool" growers. They should be grown at 60° F at night up to 80° F in the daytime. They are not happy in Florida summer when the temperature reaches 90° F. They may appreciate being brought inside for the night when the house is air conditioned, although they will be happier outside during the day. Placement under a shady tree may help to keep the temperature down. Those which come from Colombia and Panama do not require a great deal of sun, and like about the same amount of sun as Paphiopedilums. The Brazilian species like a greater amount of sun similar to that given to Cattleyas. Those plants with the largest, most colorful and handsome blossoms are probably from the altitudes (the Andes) and therefore require cooler conditions. Do not expose any Miltonia plant to long hours of 90° F heat and sun.

POTTING MEDIUM: Orchid seedling mix works well with Miltonias. They should not be allowed to become dry. They use more water in warm weather. They prefer perfect drainage – in baskets or pots with many holes. They prefer high humidity and should be misted or sprayed or kept in damp air. This should be easy in Florida.

FOOD: A 30-10-10 mixture works well for Miltonia – with applications no more than once every two weeks during the summer and less in winter. Water before feeding.

REPOTTING: Miltonias prefer to be repotted every year – and the medium must not be allowed to become stale. There is some difference of opinion as to when each plant requires division. Some growers prefer to repot every year – others believe that allowing the plants to grow numerous leads and then dividing is better. Your own experience and trial and error will give you the answer for your conditions.